Russian-American historical and cultural heritage
Российско-американское историческое и культурное наследие

Николай Фешин
Nikolay Fechin
Указатель к дому Фешина
Fechin’s House Sign
Дом Николая Фешина
Nikolay Fechin’s House

Дом-музей Николая Фешина в Таосе,
Нью-Мексико

Николай Иванович Фешин был одним из самых одаренных художников своего времени. Он родился в Казани, в ранние годы помогал отцу с резьбой по дереву, а в 13 лет поступил в Казанскую школу Искусств. Проходя обучение в Императорской академии художеств Санкт-Петербурга, Фешин познакомился с такими известными художниками, как Илья Репин и Филипп Малявин.

В 1909 году Фешин успешно окончил обучение и стал путешествовать по Европе. На ежегодной всемирной выставке в Мюнхене юноша был награжден золотой медалью. Его талант не остался без внимания, и в 1910 году Николая пригласили на всемирную выставку в США, которую устраивал в Питтсбурге Институт Карнеги.

В 1927 году после смерти родителей Фешин вместе с семьей эмигрировал в США и поселился в Нью-Мексико, в художественной колонии Таос.

В своем доме Фешин сам изготовил многие предметы мебели и декора и придал ему черты модерна в сочетании с русскими, индейскими и испанскими традициями. Внутри дома − уникальные картины, скульптуры, рисунки и металлические изделия работы Фешина.

В 1933 году Фешин развелся с женой и покинул Нью-Мексико. Он умер в Санта-Монике (Калифорния) в 1955 г.

В 1981 году дом в Таос был открыт для посетителей – под эгидой Института Фешина, основанного его дочерью.

В июле 2003 года здесь был официально открыт Музей искусств Таос.

TAOS ART MUSEUM AT NICOLAI FECHIN HOUSE
Taos, New Mexico

Nicolai Ivanovich Fechin was one of the finest portrait artists of his time. He was born in Kazan, Russia. In early years he helped his father with woodcarving and enrolled in Kazan Art School at the age of 13. Then he studied in the Imperial Academy of Arts in Saint-Petersburg with such notable artists as Ilya Repin and Filipp Malyavin.

In 1909 Nikolai successfully graduated and travelled to Europe. He won a gold medal at the annual International Exhibition at Munich. Incredible talent of the young talent was noticed, as Nikolai was invited to international exhibition in Carnegie institute in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1910.

He returned to Kazan and married Alexandra Belkovitch, the daughter of the director of the Kazan School of Art. They had a daughter Eya. But social disruption and widespread deprivation after the Russian Revolution made life difficult for the young family, as Fechin's parents died of typhoid fever, and Fechin brought his family to the art colony of Taos, New Mexico in 1927.

In the early winter of 1927, Fechins acquired the property of Dr. and Mrs. Bergman, a Dutch couple who were returning to their native Holland. The Fechins moved into the house, located on the main street of Taos, Paseo del Pueblo Norte. Fechin spent several years enlarging and modifying the house. He carved many of the fittings of the house and its furniture, using typical Russian design elements such as "triptych windows and intricately carved doors". This new house design combined modernist sensibility with Russian, Native American and Spanish traditions.

Fechin blended carefully preserved traditions from the heart of Russia with the wild and individualistic life of the American Southwest. His house represents an elegant harmony of Pueblo adobe architecture, hand-carved wood, and modernist interior design. Fechin created a masterpiece of Southwest architecture that celebrated a marriage of the arts: painting, sculpture, drawing, and metalwork.

The Fechins divorced in 1933, after which Alexandra stayed at the house until her death in 1983. Eya returned to Taos in the 1970s and began restoration of the house. She opened it to visitors beginning in 1981, under the auspices of the Fechin Institute, which she founded in her father's memory.

The house was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places on December 31, 1979. After Eya Fechin's death in 2002, the house passed to her daughter and son-in-law. They sold it to a foundation, which established the house museum and the Taos Art Museum.

The Taos Art Museum at Fechin house opened officially in July of 2003, and welcomed the public with a reception in September, celebrating a new home in Taos for the art of Taos from Corning, New York; Orange, Texas; Tulsa, Oklahoma; and Los Angeles, California. The large collection of approximately 600 paintings, drawings, and prints and other artifacts of the Taos founders and followers is the heart of the museum.